List of philias wikipedia

Added: Annemarie Huang - Date: 24.09.2021 10:09 - Views: 32052 - Clicks: 1244

Paraphilia may also be used to imply non-mainstream sexual practices without necessarily implying any dysfunction or moral deviance. Asexuality Bisexuality Heterosexuality Homosexuality. Aromanticism Biromanticism Heteroromanticism Homoromanticism. Biology and sexual orientation Demographics of sexual orientation Homosexual orientation Lesbianism Male homosexuality Male heterosexuality Non-human animal sexuality Situational sexual behavior.

Look up this on Wiktionary: paraphilia. The word is used differently by different groups. As used in psychology or sexology , it is simply a neutral umbrella term used to cover a wide variety of atypical sexual interests. Due to the somewhat subjective nature of their definition, the specific acts included under the umbrella of paraphilia vary from time to time and from place to place, and indeed from edition to edition of such works as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM. It was used by Sigmund Freud , as well as by the sexologist John Money.

There is much debate about what if anything should constitute a paraphilia, and how these should be clinically classified see Controversy , below. Clinical literature discusses eight major paraphilias individually, and according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , the activity must be the sole means of sexual gratification for a period of six 6 months, and cause "marked distress or interpersonal difficulty" to be considered such.

In the clinical sense, many professionals and lay people prefer the term "disorders of sexual preference". Note that their listing in DSM is mostly because, either due to widespread commonality or the nature of any psychological distress, standardized clinical assessment methods as opposed to general guidance is considered valuable for these. There is still a disorder of homosexuality, but this refers to clinical distress caused by the repression of homosexuality.

There are also many other paraphilias, both common and rare. It seems that anything can in theory become sexualized, given the right circumstances, and that therefore paraphilias can in theory encompass almost any imaginable subject. Clinicians often distinguish between optional, preferred and exclusive paraphilias, though the terminology is not completely standardized. An "optional" paraphilia is an alternate route to sexual arousal. For example, a man with otherwise unremarkable sexual interests might sometimes seek or enhance sexual arousal by wearing women's underwear.

In preferred paraphilias, a person prefers the paraphilia to conventional sexual activities, but also engages in conventional sexual activities. For example, a man might prefer to wear women's underwear during sexual activity, whenever possible.

In exclusive paraphilias, a person is unable to become sexually aroused in the absence of the paraphilia. Optional paraphilias are far more common than preferred paraphilias, which are, in turn, far more common than exclusive paraphilias.

Optional paraphilias sometimes disrupt stable relationships when discovered by an unsuspecting partner. Preferred paraphilias often disrupt otherwise stable relationships. Open communication and mutual support can minimize or prevent such disruption in both of these cases. Exclusive paraphilias often preclude normal courtship and committed romantic relationships, even when the person in question desires such a relationship. Loneliness or social isolation are common consequences.

In extreme cases, preoccupation with a preferred or exclusive paraphilia completely displaces the more typical desire for loving human relationships. Observation of paraphiliac behavior has provided valuable scientific information on the mechanisms of sexual attraction and desire , such as behavioral imprinting.

Careful investigation has also led to the tentative conclusions that normal biological processes may sometimes be manifested in idiosyncratic ways in at least some of the paraphilias, and that these unusual manifestations are frequently associated with unusual and especially traumatic events associated with early sexual experience.

They tend to be caused by classical conditioning in that a sexual stimulus has been paired with stimuli and situations that do not typically result in sexual response, then perpetuated through operant conditioning because the sexual response is its own reward or positive reinforcement. Some religious adherents view various paraphilias as deviations from their conception of God's original plan for human sexuality, or from their religious laws.

Depending in part on the nature of the paraphilia in question, judgements can differ as to whether religiously it should be considered a case of exual sin , mental illness , or simply harmless sexual variation. Another variable is whether it is the acting out, or less commonly just the desirous thought alone, which is critically viewed in such cases.

In any event, several paraphilias, as with many "non-mainstream" behaviors, are viewed negatively or with distaste by various religions. Some religious traditions include forms of extreme asceticism such as scourging , when practiced as a sexual activity would usually be considered masochism and popularly viewed as paraphilias. When practiced for non-sexual reasons, they are usually valued by the religious groups concerned as a part of their religious observance and submission to God.

As a general rule, the law in many countries often intervenes in paraphilias involving young or adolescent children below the legal age of consent , nonconsensual deliberate displays or illicit watching of sexual activity, harm to animals, acts involving dead people , harassment, nuisance, fear, injury, or assault of a sexual nature.

Separately, it also usually regulates or controls censorship of pornographic material. Non-consensual exhibitionism, where people who have not ly consented to watch are exposed to sexual display, is also an offense in most jurisdictions, as is non-consensual voyeurism. See indecent exposure and peeping tom. Non-consensual sadomasochistic acts may legally constitute assault, and therefore belong in the list below. Some jurisdictions criminalize some or all sadomasochistic acts, regardless of legal consent and impose liability for any injuries caused and that, for these purposes, non-physical injuries are included in the definition of grievous bodily harm in English law.

The paraphilias listed below may carry a condition of illegality in some areas if acted out though they may usually be legally role-played between consenting partners. In the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, ly censored or stigmatized images of many paraphilias became more prevalent in the popular culture of Western countries.

The definition of various sexual practices as paraphilias has been met with opposition. Advocates for changing these definitions stress that, aside from "paraphilias" with a criminal element, there is nothing inherently pathological about these practices; they are undeserving of the stigmatism associated with being "singled out" as such. Those who profess such a view hope that, much as with the removal of homosexuality from the DSM see homosexuality and psychology , future psychiatric definitions will not include most of these practices.

Note: This article needs some clean-up. Many terms have been represented incorrectly. Terms with the -philia suffix refer to conditions in which the person's primary sexual interest involves the stimulus or situation mentioned. Each term with the -lagnia suffix refers to any action involving the stimulus or situation.

For example, someone who is consistently sexually excited by feces would have coprophilia; any sexual act involving feces, even by someone for whom that is not a primary interest, would be coprolagnia. The following terms represent combinations of greek words, but do not necessarily represent reality. Some of the following sexual interests are fairly common.

For instance, problems with sexual abuse of children, associated with pedophilia, are well-known, and at least a few bars or clubs dedicated to bondage and discipline sadism and masochism can be found in most large cities in the U. Others are vanishingly rare, if they exist at all and are not documented in any reliable source. Some items portray personal preferences that don't reasonably qualify as paraphilias.

Finally, the following list might contain some dubious items. This wiki. This wiki All wikis. In Don't have an ? Sexual orientation. Paraphilia Glossaries Human sexuality Add category. Cancel Save.

List of philias wikipedia

email: [email protected] - phone:(431) 448-9751 x 4345

Talk:List of paraphilias